Record $78bn year for agricultural production in Australia
Australia's farmers are expected to post a record-breaking $78 billion agricultural production value in 2021-22, thanks in part to the first back-to-back La Nina events in a decade.
Despite flooding rain delaying harvests and destroying some crops in parts of eastern Australia last month, the Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) is predicting Australia's gross value of agricultural production to reach $78 billion in 2021/22.
This historic production value has been caused by a combination of factors:
- Exceptional growing conditions over a large area of Australia
- A poor season being experienced by key overseas competitors
- Prices at multi-year highs for many agricultural commodities
This year's La Niña, the second to be declared in as many years, was one of the reasons Australia experienced such good growing conditions in recent months.
The map below shows that virtually all of Australia has been free of any significant rainfall deficiencies during the two-year period ending in November 2021.
Image: Observed rainfall deficiencies during the 24-month period from December 2019 to November 2021. Source: Bureau of Meteorology.
This was a noticeable contrast to the same two-year periods ending in November 2020 and 2019.
Image: Observed rainfall deficiencies during the 24-month period from December 2017 to November 2019 (left), December 2018 to November 2020 (middle) and December 2019 to November 2021 (right). Source: Bureau of Meteorology.
The red shading on the maps above shows where rainfall was in the:
- Lowest 10 percent of historical records = serious deficiency
- Lowest 5 percent of historical records = severe deficiency
- Lowest on record = lowest since at least 1900 when the data being analysed begins
The ABARES forecast does consider the flooding rain that hit parts of eastern Australia last month, during the country's wettest November on record.
While this flooding will delay harvests, cause isolated crop losses and reduce grain quality, the ABARES says that "it is unlikely to reduce national harvest tonnage significantly."