|Chance of rainfall within district|
25% to 50%
50% to 75%
The hemispheric long wave pattern has remained stable in recent weeks. There are five main troughs. Currently the most significant troughs are near the longitudes of the southwest Indian Ocean, Western Australia, New Zealand, the southeast Pacific, and the Atlantic Ocean.
Over southern and eastern Australia the cold front events with potential to bring widespread rain are now expected about 4 December to 8 December, 11 December to 15 December, and 22 December to 26 December. Rain events originating in the tropics and moving south are possible about 5 December to 9 December, 9 December to 13 December, and 27 December to 31 December.
Over Western Australia the strongest cold fronts should occur about 2 December to 6 December, 11 December to 15 December, and 23 December to 27 December.
This forecast is produced by a multi-model ensemble consisting of dynamical atmospheric models, which are forced by the latest observed atmosphere, ocean, land and ice conditions. The models are designed to simulate features of the real atmosphere, including the daily movement of long and short wave patterns in the Southern Hemisphere.
The future probability of rain in each district is estimated using output from the multi-model ensemble, combined with historical information about the difference between the model forecasts and observed rainfall.
In this deterministic framework the skill of the forecast tends to decrease with time, however the forecasts are updated daily to provide the latest estimates of rainfall probability out to 28 days.
14:59 EDT Although the Gold Coast has largely dodged the brunt of recent thunderstorms bearing down on south-east Queensland, the weather bureau says locals must still heed warnings.