|Chance of rainfall within district|
25% to 50%
50% to 75%
The hemispheric long wave pattern has remained stable in recent weeks. There are five main troughs. Currently the most significant troughs are near the longitudes of the southwest Indian Ocean, eastern Australia, the south Pacific, South America, and the Atlantic Ocean.
Over southern and eastern Australia the cold front events with potential to bring widespread rain are now expected about 10 December to 14 December, 24 December to 28 December, and 6 January to 10 January. Rain events originating in the tropics and moving south are possible about 12 December to 16 December, 27 December to 31 December, and 1 January to 5 January.
Over Western Australia the strongest cold fronts should occur about 10 December to 14 December, 24 December to 28 December, and 7 January to 11 January.
This forecast is produced by a multi-model ensemble consisting of dynamical atmospheric models, which are forced by the latest observed atmosphere, ocean, land and ice conditions. The models are designed to simulate features of the real atmosphere, including the daily movement of long and short wave patterns in the Southern Hemisphere.
The future probability of rain in each district is estimated using output from the multi-model ensemble, combined with historical information about the difference between the model forecasts and observed rainfall.
In this deterministic framework the skill of the forecast tends to decrease with time, however the forecasts are updated daily to provide the latest estimates of rainfall probability out to 28 days.
17:37 EDT North western New South Wales is in the grip of one of the worst droughts on record, less than two years after the area was covered in floodwaters.