|Chance of rainfall within district|
25% to 50%
50% to 75%
The hemispheric long wave pattern has been relatively slow moving in recent weeks. There are five main troughs. Currently the most significant troughs are near the longitudes of the Indian Ocean, Western Australia, New Zealand, the south Pacific, South America, and the Atlantic Ocean.
Over southern and eastern Australia the cold front events with potential to bring widespread rain are now expected about 2 December to 6 December, 8 December to 12 December, and 17 December to 21 December. Rain events originating in the tropics and moving south are possible about 27 November to 1 December, 8 December to 12 December, and 12 December to 16 December.
Over Western Australia the strongest cold fronts should occur about 2 December to 6 December, 8 December to 12 December, and 18 December to 22 December.
This forecast is produced by a multi-model ensemble consisting of dynamical atmospheric models, which are forced by the latest observed atmosphere, ocean, land and ice conditions. The models are designed to simulate features of the real atmosphere, including the daily movement of long and short wave patterns in the Southern Hemisphere.
The future probability of rain in each district is estimated using output from the multi-model ensemble, combined with historical information about the difference between the model forecasts and observed rainfall.
In this deterministic framework the skill of the forecast tends to decrease with time, however the forecasts are updated daily to provide the latest estimates of rainfall probability out to 28 days.
17:58 EDT With sweltering conditions expected for Sunday, but Monday will be remarkably cooler and wetter for many parts of New South Wales.