The UV index is measured using two methods.
The first method measures the amount of energy contained in the UV radiation reaching the surface. This method expresses energy in milliwatts per square metre. The UV index you see on your TV news bulletins is based on this method.
The second method is based on the response of human skin to UV radiation. This was devised to standardize UV radiation reporting around the world. It is often used as a prediction. The index is determined for the time at which UV intensity is at its peak. This is usually around noon. It takes into account cloud cover.
UV Index values of less than 3 are termed “moderate” and will result in sunburn after one hour exposed to the sun. Index values between 3 and 6 are termed “high” and will lead to sunburn after approximately 30 minutes in the sun. Values between 6 and 10 are termed “very high” and will lead to sunburn after approximately 10 minutes in the sun. Values greater than 10 are termed “extreme” and will lead to sunburn in less than 5 minutes exposed to the sun.
17:37 EDT Much of western New South Wales has begun a heat wave, reaching at least five degrees above average for at least five days, averaging a maximum of 35 degrees or more.