you are not logged in | login or join us

Southern Oscillation Index

The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) is calculated from the monthly or seasonal fluctuations in the air pressure difference between Tahiti and Darwin.

A strongly and consistently positive SOI pattern (e.g. consistently above about +6 over a two month period) is related to a high probability of above the long-term average (median) rainfall for many areas of Australia, especially areas of eastern Australia (including northern Tasmania) - La Niña.

Conversely, a 'deep' and consistently negative SOI pattern (less than about minus 6 over a two month period, with little change over that period) is related to a high probability of below median rainfall for many areas of Australia at certain times of the year - El Niño.

However, it is important to remember that the pattern of relationship between SOI and rainfall (and temperature) can vary depending on the particular season and region. Additionally, the change in SOI over a specified period can be as important in understanding relationships between SOI and rainfall as is the absolute value in SOI.

Site search

Enter a postcode or town name for local weather, or text to search the site. » advanced search

Little town raises big money for drought support

ABC image 16:38 EST Organisers of the Mulga Bill Quick Shear at Yeoval, in Central West New South Wales on the weekend, were a bit nervous about the weather on Saturday morning; there'd been good rain on Friday night and they didn't have a 'Plan B' if things didn't clear up.

Help with Weatherzone